Bikeability Top Tips – Choosing an Accessible Cycle part 1

Drawing of many different cycle types including trikes, recumbents, cargo, tandems, folding etc. All the cycles are orange. Text reads "which cycles might suit you?". The My Cycle My Mobility Aid logo and Wheels for Wellbeing logo are at the bottom.


This blog was funded by Bikeability and is also published on their website. Reproduced here with permission.

Download a Word version of this blog

Download a pdf version of this blog

Check out our Top Tips on cost, storage and more and our Top Tips on choosing an e-cycle for more ideas on cycle selection.

There are a huge range of cycles available, and adaptations that make cycling fun and accessible for almost anyone. It’s worth taking time investigating what works best for you. Here are some of our top tips for finding the right cycle.

A good cycle is one which is:

  • easy to get on and off;
  • easy to balance when moving and stationary;
  • easy (or at least manageable) to pedal;
  • comfortable to ride;
  • fits on all the routes you want to use;
  • easy for you to park and store.

Most importantly, a good cycle is one you enjoy riding!

If you find this article useful, you might also enjoy our second blog on choosing a cycle, and our blog on choosing an e-cycle.

Making your current cycle work for you:

Is there a cycle in your shed that’s painful to use or you just don’t like? Small, easy changes which might make riding it work much better for you.

The internet is a fabulous place to find cycle maintenance and fitting videos! Local cycle shops or cycling charities including Dr Bike sessions will also be able to help with this. Quick changes that can make all the difference include:

  • Make sure tyres are properly pumped up, brakes are safely adjusted and all moving parts are clean, oiled and moving smoothly.
  • Adjusting your seat height and tilt so you feel comfortable using it and can balance securely when moving or stationary.
  • Adjusting your handlebars (or even changing handlebar type) can make a huge difference to your back and neck, while toeclip, clipless or Velcro strap pedals will help keep feet positioned or allow you to pull up on the pedals.

If you need to make bigger changes, or think about getting a different cycle, read on…

If you’re choosing a new (including secondhand) cycle:

Try out lots of different cycles!

Different people prefer different cycles.

Some organisations which can help you alter, try out or loan cycles are listed at the bottom of this article – there are many similar organisations doing great work all over the UK!

Thinking about riding position:

Which positions do you feel comfortable and safe in? Think about where you’ll ride: A recumbent may be fantastic away from traffic, but you may not like riding it on roads.

Drawing has heading "Which cycling positions do you prefer" then three labelled stick drawings of a recumbent cycle, an upright cycle and a forwards "racing" position cycle. The My Cycle My Mobility Aid and Wheels for Wellbeing logos are at the bottom of the drawing

Thinking about seats:

Conventional saddles come in various shapes, sizes and softness. Different seat styles can have back supports and harnesses. Choose a seat that lets you move freely and without discomfort but which supports you safely.

Handcycling or leg cycling?

Generally, people’s legs are stronger than their arms, so pedaling with legs is easier than handcycling for most people, including some wheelchair users.

Mobility aids including manual wheelchairs, rollators/frames, crutches, assistance dogs and sticks can be carried on cycles.

Clip-on handcycles for wheelchairs can be a very convenient option, especially with e-assist.

Cycles can transport a range of mobility aids

An orange Brompton with a grey front bag and e-assist has a black active wheelchair hitched to the rear pannier rack for towing
Cycles can transport a range of mobility aids

How many wheels?

Two-wheeled bicycles will stay up when moving but fall over when not moving. This means that you will need to be able to put a foot on the floor and balance yourself and the bicycle when you are stationary. If this is impossible or uncomfortable, you may want to consider something with more wheels.

Three- or four- wheeled cycles will stand up on level ground and don’t need you to balance them when stationary, but they can tip over when turning corners at speed or on ground that slopes steeply sideways.

Even if you can ride on two wheels, you may prefer to ride on more. There are many fantastic trike, quad cycle and adult stabilizer options, including lightweight, folding, e-assist and cargo models.

Puncture-proof tyres or inserts can save you time and stress.

Cargo and people-carrying capacity:

Do you want to carry lots of shopping or other people – children or adults?

Panniers, trailers or tag-alongs can be added to many cycles, or cargo cycles, tandems or triplets may work best for you.

Who and what do you need to transport with your cycle?

E-assist can make moving heavy loads surprisingly easy or make cycling an option when without it you can’t ride at all. Check out our separate Top Tips on choosing e-assist.

A cargo trike ridden by a white man has a white woman with a feeding tube, a poodle and a cello in the cargo box on the front
Who and what do you need to transport with your cycle?

Brakes and gears:

Brakes need to be easy for you to reach and grip firmly enough for you to stop your cycle. Usually there is one brake lever on each handlebar or hand pedal, but they can be adapted so both brakes can be operated with one hand.

Backpedal brakes are common on Dutch cycles and some handcycles. They can be easier to use than hand brakes but might take a bit of getting used to! Similarly, fixed wheel cycles let you brake without using hands, but require lots of leg strength.

Gear shifters are also usually located on the handlebar (or hand pedal). You can get manual shifters with grip shift or thumb/finger levers, or electronic shifters. Electronic and automatic gear shifters can make gear changing zero effort- particularly valuable if you have limited hand strength or a pain condition like arthritis.

Deraillieur gears are common in the UK: You have to pedal to change gear, so if you stop in a high gear it can be hard to start again. They need more maintenance and are more fragile than hub gears.

With a hub gear, you can change gear when stationary. They’re durable and low maintenance – but heavier and more expensive than deraillieur gears.

Graphic describing difference between derailleur gears and hub gears. Drawing of derailleur gear cycle wheel has text "lots of cogs, derailleur hangs downwards". Drawing of hub cycle wheel has text "one cog, fat "tin can" hub in rear wheel".

Hopefully these tips will help you find a cycle that works well for your body.

About us

Wheels for Wellbeing is a Disabled People’s Organisation working to make cycling and walking/wheeling accessible for everyone.

Blog author Kate Ball is a Disabled cyclist, parent, carer and a Campaigns and Policy Officer at Wheels for Wellbeing. Her favourite cycle is a Circe Helios tandem which is really her daughter’s – but which all the family love to ride.

Useful organisations:

Wheels for Wellbeing:

Wheels for All:

Get Cycling:

Cycling UK:




News archive

Gradients – quick reference guide

Wheels for Wellbeing
Download graphic version of this guide Download .docx version of this guide Download pdf version of this guide Measuring gradients: Key gradients for accessibility: Angles of essential gradients for public…

Crossfall – quick reference guide

Wheels for Wellbeing
Download graphic version of this guide Download .docx version of this guide Download pdf version of this guide Crossfall: Also called cross gradient, transverse gradient, camber, etc. For utility, we…

Wheels for Wellbeing Guide to Mobility Aids

Wheels for Wellbeing
1.              Introduction: These guide sheets are intended to help people work towards creating a more accessible public realm: Without clear definitions, it’s hard to communicate. Our aim is to enable…
Skip to content